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18.  Spanish Laud  @ 160
Larger photos are available on request.

Old Spanish Laud, Mandola, Cittern

This is an old 12-string, flat-back, Spanish Laud, made in Spain probably mid 20th century, in fair condition. It has the following label inside

Instrumentos Musicales


Valverde 3, Desangano 2


It has the original finger-board and frets. It has what I think is a cedar top, in good condition, with NO repairs. The fingerboard is level. The mahogany back and sides are in good condition. The bridge, tail, nut and tuners are all original. It is now playing with a full, rich, melodious sound. It has an easy action

Other than cleaning, I have carried out the following work on this instrument: 1) re-levelled and dressed the original frets; and 2) refinished throughout.

This instrument now plays well.

The lad (tenor lute) is a plectrum plucked instrument from Spain . It belongs to the cittern family of instruments. It has six double courses ( twelve strings in pairs), similarly to the bandurria, but its neck is longer.  Traditionally it is used folk string musical groups, together with the guitar and the bandurria. The origin of the laud (tenor lute) is the modern spanish lute of the XIX century. There are several models, such as the pear-shaped and the Calvete. Like the bandurria, it is tuned in fourths, but 1 octave lower. The strings are tuned in unison pairs, to G#, c#, f#, b, e and a. 

   Assuming this tuning, middle C should be 4th fret on 6th string.

   Various other tunings are possible, such as a 12 string mandola (4 courses of 3), short scale cittern, etc. though this would involve replacing the strings and perhaps the nut.




Laud Specifications (In Millimetres)

Overall Length of laud


Width at widest point


Approx. Depth of laud

100mm at bridge.


Refinished throughout with Tru-oil, a hard thin modern oil-varnish.

Belly wood

Good quality, close-grained, book-matched cedar, with purfling and maple edging all in good condition. The top retains shadows from stickers, this discolouration with fade in time.

Sound hole

Typical 3-part sound hole including 2 stylised f-holes.



Back and sides

Mahogany I think, in good condition.

Neck and Head

Stained mahogany neck and head. A few scratches on the neck.


Stained, not sure what wood. 18 original brass frets re-levelled. No markers.

Machine heads

Original brass and steel. All working.


Original with 12 string hooks, cover still in place.


Fixed with original saddle

Scale Length Bridge to nut

Scale of 468mm

Bottom string height at bridge


Top string height at bridge


12th fret to bottom string (Action)


12th fret to top string (Action)


Width of fretboard at nut


Width of fretboard at widest point



I have a new padded gigbag for that that will fit it comfortably at 25


video to follow....